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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-8

Effects of Dehydroepiandrosterone on Embryo Quality and Follicular Fluid Markers in Patients with Diminished Ovarian Reserves

1 Shanghai Ji Ai Genetics and IVF Institute, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200011, China
2 Shi Men Second Road Community Health Service Center of Jingan District, Shanghai 200041, China
3 Shanghai Ji Ai Genetics and IVF Institute, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University; Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine Related Diseases, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200011, China

Correspondence Address:
Xiao-Xi Sun
Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, No. 588 Fang Xie Road, Shanghai 200011
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2096-2924.210696

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Background: To examine the effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on in vitro fertilization (IVF) intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and the levels of follicular fluid (FF) markers, namely, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-15, and growth differentiation factor (GDF)-9, in patients with diminished ovarian reserves (DORs). Methods: 116 patients with DOR were randomized into two groups, DHEA group and control group. Each group contained 58 patients. The DHEA group received 75 mg/d of DHEA for 12 weeks prior to the start of IVF treatment, while the control group entered IVF treatment directly. All patients were treated with the same ovarian stimulation protocol. The primary outcome was high-quality embryo yield. Other IVF parameters, such as the clinical pregnancy rate, embryo survival rate, and intact blastomere rate, were compared between the two groups. FF samples from patients of both groups were collected to measure the levels of AMH, IGF-1, DHEA-sulfate, BMP-15, and GDF-9. Blood was also collected on day 3 of the menstrual cycle to define the baseline hormonal profile and to examine ovarian reserve markers. Results: The high-quality embryo yield was higher in DHEA group than that in control group (P = 0.033). AMH and IGF-1 concentrations in FF were significantly higher in DHEA group than that in the control group (2.83 ± 1.14 ng/L vs. 1.37 ± 0.55 ng/L, P = 0.000; 94.02 ± 38.28 ng/L vs. 74.03 ± 25.46 ng/L, P = 0.004, respectively). The BMP-15 level was also higher in DHEA group (relative expression were 1.80 ± 0.41) than that in control group (relative expression were 0.79 ± 0.16, P < 0.0001); however, there was no difference in GDF-9 expression between the two groups (relative expression were 1.29 ± 0.54 and 1.16 ± 0.50 respectively, P > 0.05) and in the clinical pregnancy rate between the two groups (13.79% vs. 7.27%, respectively, P > 0.05). Conclusions: In women with DOR undergoing IVF treatment, pretreatment with DHEA may increase the number of high-quality embryos, which may be due to increased levels of AMH, IGF-1, and BMP-15 in the FF. Trial Registration: NCT02866253.

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