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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 129-139

A defective CXCL16/CXCR6 axis increases the risk of pregnancy loss via the abnormal crosstalk between decidual γδ t cells and trophoblasts


1 Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200011; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200011, China
2 Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine Related Diseases, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200011; NHC Key Lab of Reproduction Regulation (Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research), Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200080, China
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Medical Center, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, China
4 NHC Key Lab of Reproduction Regulation (Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research), Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200080, China
5 Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine Related Diseases, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200011, China

Correspondence Address:
Cong-Jian Xu
Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, No. 419 Fangxie Road, Shanghai 200011
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2096-2924.324878

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Objective: The maternal–fetal interface undergoes dynamic changes to allow the fetus to grow and develop in the uterus. The interaction between decidual γδ Τ cells and trophoblasts plays a pivotal role during successful pregnancy; however, their physiological functions in early-term human pregnancy are still not completely illustrated. This study was undertaken to illustrate the functional roles of CXCL16/CXCR6 to prevent pregnancy loss via the crosstalk between decidual γδ T cells and HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells. Methods: The percentile of CXCR6+ γδ T cells in the peripheral blood from normal female and recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) patients was analyzed by flow cytometry. The expression of CXCR6 was detected in decidual immune cells via flow cytometry, and the expression of CXCL16 was analyzed in HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells and lentivirus (LV)-HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the expression of the CXCL16 gene in LV-HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells. Expression of granzyme B and cytokines and proliferation of decidual γδ T cocultured with HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Invasion of HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells was assessed via Matrigel transwell assay. Adoptive transfer was induced in vivo further to illustrate that the normal expression of CXCL16/CXCR6 could prevent pregnancy loss. Results: The percentile of CXCR6+ γδ T cells in the peripheral blood from RSA patients was lower than normal pregnancies. The expression of CXCR6 was highest in the decidual γδ T cells among decidual immune cells, and the expression of CXCL16 increased as the amount of HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells increased. Expression of granzyme B in the decidual γδ T cells was downregulated by cocultured with HTR8/SVneo cells dependent of CXCL16, and HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells induced the Th2 cytokines production in the decidual γδ T cells. Both the expression of CXCR6 in the decidual γδ T cells and proliferation of the decidual γδ T cells were promoted by HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells. On the other hand, decidual γδ T cells enhanced the invasion of HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells and thus promoted embryo implantation. In vivo study was taken further and shown that low expression of CXCL16/CXCR6 results in pregnancy loss because of dialog disorder between decidual γδ Τ cells and trophoblasts. Conclusions: Low expression of CXCL16/CXCR6 results in pregnancy loss because of the dialog disorder between decidual γδ Τ cells and trophoblasts, and it showed a light on the effective strategy of adoptive transfer of CXCR6+ γδ T cells on the treatment of RSA. This observation provides a scientific basis on which a potential strategy can be applied to the early-detect and treatment of RSA.


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