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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 140-147

Vitamin d-binding protein is involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia by inhibiting the tyrosine phosphorylation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 in endothelial cells


Department of Obstetrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China

Correspondence Address:
Ying Zhang
Room 903, Building 16, No. 888 Dong'an Road, Shanghai 200032
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2096-2924.322839

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Objective: The role of Vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) in preeclampsia (PE) pathogenesis is unknown. In this study, we compared the expression of DBP in the placentas of PE patients with the placentas of normotensive pregnant women with placenta previa controls, and aimed to explore the effect of DBP on endothelial cells (ECs) and the underlying mechanism. Methods: DBP expression in placental tissues collected from PE patients and controls was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The downregulation and upregulation of DBP expression in HTR-8/SVneo cells were examined using DBP-targeting small interfering RNA (siRNA) and DBP-expression vector, respectively. The conditioned media of these DBP-overexpressing and DBP-siRNA HTR-8/SVneo cells were collected and added to human umbilical vein EC (HUVEC) cultures. Angiogenic effects on HUVECs were assessed by tube formation assays, and the proliferation and migration of HUVECs were examined using the Real-Time Cell Analyzer. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-2, as well as the phosphorylation of different residues of VEGFR-2 in HUVECs, were determined by western blotting. Results: DBP expression was significantly increased in the placental tissues collected from PE patients. The conditioned medium of DBP-overexpressing HTR-8/SVneo cells potently inhibited tube formation by HUVECs, in addition to their proliferation and migration. Furthermore, treatment of HUVECs with the conditioned medium of DBP-overexpressing HTR-8/SVneo cells decreased the phosphorylation of VEGFR-2 at tyrosine 996, whereas the treatment of these cells with the conditioned medium of DBP-siRNA HTR-8/SVneo cells increased the phosphorylation of VEGFR-2 at tyrosine 951, 996, and 1,175. Conclusions: The expression of DBP is increased in the placentas of PE patients. DBP plays potential roles in endothelial dysfunction, which contributes to PE development, by inhibiting tyrosine phosphorylation of VEGFR-2 in ECs.


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